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TMCNet:  U.S. Patents Awarded to Inventors in Massachusetts (Jan. 4)

[January 04, 2013]

U.S. Patents Awarded to Inventors in Massachusetts (Jan. 4)

(Targeted News Service Via Acquire Media NewsEdge) Targeted News Service Targeted News Service ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- The following federal patents were awarded to inventors in Massachusetts.

*** T2 Biosystems Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- T2 Biosystems, Lexington, Mass., has been assigned a patent (8,344,731) developed by W. David Lee, West Newton, Mass., for a "NMR device for detection of analytes." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "This invention relates generally to detection devices having one or more small wells each surrounded by, or in close proximity to, an NMR micro coil, each well containing a liquid sample with magnetic nanoparticles that self-assemble or disperse in the presence of a target analyte, thereby altering the measured NMR properties of the liquid sample. The device may be used, for example, as a portable unit for point of care diagnosis and/or field use, or the device may be implanted for continuous or intermittent monitoring of one or more biological species of interest in a patient." The patent application was filed on July 27, 2010 (12/844,685). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,344,731&OS=8,344,731&RS=8,344,731 Written by Arpi Sharma; edited by Anand Kumar.



*** Energy Intelligence Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Energy Intelligence, Newton, Mass., has been assigned a patent (8,344,529) developed by Richard James Walter Mansfield, Cambridge, Mass., Daniel Shani, Newton, Mass., and Nissim Shani, Newton, Mass., for a "method and system for energy harvesting." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A power-recapture method and system converts mechanical energy, which would otherwise be dissipated, into available electrical energy. A plurality of computer-coordinated Electric Generators are arranged with salient sensors that detect appropriate motion then adjust the phasing and intensity of electromagnets of the Electric Generator to optimally convert variable mechanical motion into electric current." The patent application was filed on July 7, 2011 (13/135,493). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,344,529&OS=8,344,529&RS=8,344,529 Written by Arpi Sharma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Diemat Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Diemat, Byfield, Mass., has been assigned a patent (8,344,523) developed by six co-inventors for a conductive composition. The co-inventors are Raymond L. Dietz, Amesbury, Mass., Maciej Patelka, Salem, Mass., Akito Yoshii, Niigata, Japan, Pawel Czubarow, Wellesley, Mass., Takashi Sakamoto, Shibata, Japan, and Yukinari Abe, Niigata, Japan.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Conductive compositions which are useful as thermally conductive compositions and may also be useful as electrically conductive compositions are provided. The compositions include a conductive particle constituent in combination with a sintering aid which can, for example be a compound of the same metal in the nanometal, an organo-metallic, a metalorganic salt, mercaptan and/or resinate. In some embodiments the conductive particles include a small amount of nanoscale (<200 nm) particles. The compositions exhibit increased thermal conductivity." The patent application was filed on July 30, 2009 (12/512,976). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,344,523&OS=8,344,523&RS=8,344,523 Written by Arpi Sharma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Tyco Electronics Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Tyco Electronics, Berwyn, Pa., has been assigned a patent (8,345,445) developed by Stephen D. Del Prete, Rehoboth, Mass., Robert Stratton, Norton, Mass., and David A. Dedonato, Hopedale, Mass., for a "heat sink assembly for a pluggable module." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A heat sink assembly is provided for a pluggable module. The heat sink assembly includes a heat sink having a module side and an end surface that intersects the module side. The module side is configured to thermally communicate with the pluggable module. A holder extends from the end surface of the heat sink. A thermal interface material (TIM) layer extends on the module side of the heat sink. The TIM layer is configured to engage the pluggable module. The TIM layer includes an end that is engaged between the end surface and the holder of the heat sink." The patent application was filed on Nov. 23, 2010 (12/952,463). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,345,445&OS=8,345,445&RS=8,345,445 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** International Business Machines Assigned Patent for Automatically Calibrating Regions of Interest for Video Surveillance ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- International Business Machines, Armonk, N.Y., has been assigned a patent (8,345,101) developed by seven co-inventors for "automatically calibrating regions of interest for video surveillance." The co-inventors are Russell Patrick Bobbitt, Pleasantville, N.Y., Quanfu Fan, Somerville, Mass., Arun Hampapur, Norwalk, Conn., Frederik Kjeldsen, Poughkeepsie, N.Y., Sharathchandra Umapathirao Pankanti, Darien, Conn., Akira Yanagawa, New York, and Yun Zhai, White Plains, N.Y.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Techniques for automatically calibrating one or more regions of interest for video surveillance are provided. The techniques include at a user-defined frequency, determining if one or more regions of interest (ROIs) are present within a field of view of a camera, if one or more ROIs are present within the field of view of the camera, automatically calibrating the one or more ROIs within the field of view of the camera, and if one or more ROIs are not present within the field of view of the camera, sending an alert to a user." The patent application was filed on Oct. 31, 2008 (12/262,446). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,345,101&OS=8,345,101&RS=8,345,101 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Vertex Pharmaceutical Assigned Patent for Process for Preparing Modulators of Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Vertex Pharmaceutical, Cambridge, Mass., has been assigned a patent (8,344,147) developed by eight co-inventors for a "process for preparing modulators of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator." The co-inventors are Narendra Bhalchandra Ambhaikar, Hyderabad, India, Robert Hughes, San Diego, Dennis James Hurley, San Marcos, Calif., Elaine Chungmin Lee, Cambridge, Mass., Benjamin Littler, Carlsbad, Calif., Mehdi Numa, San Diego, Stefanie Roeper, Cambridge, Mass., and Urvi Sheth, San Diego.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "The present invention relates to processes for preparing solid state forms of N-(4-(7-azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-7-yl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)- -4-oxo-5-(trifluoromethyl)-1, 4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide, including Compound 1 Form A, Compound 1 Form A-HCl, Compound 1 Form B, and Compound 1 Form B-HCl, any combination of these forms, pharmaceutical compositions thereof, and methods of treatment therewith." The patent application was filed on Oct. 21, 2010 (12/909,750). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,344,147&OS=8,344,147&RS=8,344,147 Written by Neha Bharti; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** International Business Machines Assigned Patent for Internal Bypassing of Memory Array Devices ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- International Business Machines, Armonk, N.Y., has been assigned a patent (8,345,497) developed by four co-inventors for "internal bypassing of memory array devices." The co-inventors are Paul A. Bunce, Poughkeepsie, N.Y., John D. Davis, Maybrook, N.Y., Diana M. Henderson, Poughkeepsie, N.Y., and Jigar J. Vora, Westborough, Mass.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "An output control circuit for a memory array includes a latched output node precharged to a first logic state prior to both a read and write operation; first logic that couples memory cell data from a memory read path to the output node during the read operation, the first logic controlled by a timing signal; second logic that internally bypasses the memory read path during a write operation by decoupling it from the output node, such that a logical derivative of write data written to the memory array is also coupled to the output node, the second logic also controlled by the timing signal; and wherein a transition of the output node from the first logic state to a second logic state during the write operation occurs within a time range as that of the same transition during the read operation." The patent application was filed on June 23, 2010 (12/822,058). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,345,497&OS=8,345,497&RS=8,345,497 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Constitution Medical Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Constitution Medical, Boston, has been assigned a patent (8,345,227) developed by Michael Zahniser, Jamaica Plain, Mass., and Russell Zahniser, Dorchester, Mass., for "measuring volume and constituents of cells." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A method of determining a hemoglobin content value of a red blood cell includes: (a) illuminating the cell with incident light at a plurality of illumination wavelengths; (b) obtaining at least one two-dimensional image of the cell corresponding to each illumination wavelength; (c) for each illumination wavelength, determining a mean optical density and a maximum optical density for the cell; (d) determining an area of the cell; (e) for each illumination wavelength, determining a volume of the cell; (f) for each illumination wavelength, determining an integrated optical density for the cell; and (g) determining the hemoglobin content value of the cell based on the area of the cell, the volumes of the cell corresponding to each of the illumination wavelengths, and the integrated optical densities for the cell corresponding to each of the illumination wavelengths." The patent application was filed on April 13, 2012 (13/446,967). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,345,227&OS=8,345,227&RS=8,345,227 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Massachusetts Institute of Technology Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., has been assigned a patent (8,345,364) developed by Vladimir Liberman, Reading, Mass., and Mordechai Rothschild, Newton, Mass., for "optical limiting using plasmonically enhancing nanoparticles." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "There is provided an optical limiter device for protecting an object from incident light having a wavelength in the visible, infrared or ultraviolet spectrum. The device comprises a plurality of nanoparticles of a metallic material including free electrons that undergo collective oscillations when exposed to the incident light. The plurality of nanoparticles of the metallic material include a plurality of nanoparticles of a non-spherical particle geometry, which may include a geometry having a plurality of sharp protrusions on a spherical body. The metallic material may include gold, silver, aluminum, indium or copper. The device further comprises a structurally rigid transparent medium in which the plurality of nanoparticles of the metallic material are embedded; and a mechanical support mounting the transparent medium between the incident light and the object." The patent application was filed on Sept. 30, 2009 (12/586,971). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,345,364&OS=8,345,364&RS=8,345,364 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Zink Imaging Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Zink Imaging, Waltham, Mass., has been assigned a patent (8,345,307) developed by Suhail S. Saquib, Shrewsbury, Mass., and William T. Vetterling, Lexington, Mass., for an "image stitching for a multi-head printer." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Techniques are disclosed for stitching images printed by a multi-head printer in a manner that is relatively insensitive to misregistration of the image segments. When a pair of overlapping print heads print a pair of adjacent image segments which meet in a stitching region, printing at each location in the stitching region is accomplished by both print heads with a weighting that depends on the location being printed within the stitching region. In one embodiment, for example, the output of each print head is weighted by a linear function of horizontal pixel position. Techniques are also disclosed for selecting screening patterns for use when stitching is performed with variable-dot printers. Such screening patterns are selected to minimize variations in density that may arise as the result of cross-web and/or down-web misregistration." The patent application was filed on Dec. 6, 2011 (13/312,650). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,345,307&OS=8,345,307&RS=8,345,307 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Vertex Pharmaceuticals Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Vertex Pharmaceuticals, Cambridge, Mass., has been assigned a patent (8,344,153) developed by eight co-inventors for "inhibitors of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase." The co-inventors are Kevin Michael Cottrell, Cambridge, Mass., Alex Aronov, Newton, Mass., Robert J. Davies, Watertown, Mass., Jon H. Come, Cambridge, Mass., David Messersmith, Somerville, Mass., Jinwang Xu, Framingham, Mass., Upul Keerthi Bandarage, Lexington, Mass., and Jingrong Cao, Newton, Mass.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "The present invention relates to compounds useful as inhibitors of PI3K, particularly of PI3K.gamma.. The invention also provides pharmaceutically acceptable compositions comprising said compounds and methods of using the compositions in the treatment of various disease, conditions, or disorders." The patent application was filed on June 9, 2010 (12/796,825). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,344,153&OS=8,344,153&RS=8,344,153 Written by Neha Bharti; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Merck Sharp & Dohme Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Merck Sharp & Dohme, Rahway, N.J., has been assigned a patent (8,344,144) developed by eight co-inventors for "inhibitors of Janus kinases." The co-inventors are Michelle Machacek, Brookline, Mass., Gabriela de Almeida, Brookline, Mass., Jonathan B. Grimm, Newton, Mass., Rachel N. MacCoss, Brookline, Mass., Eric Romeo, Allston, Mass., Tony Siu, Brookline, Mass., Catherine White, Newton Center, La., and Kevin Wilson, West Newton, Mass.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "The instant invention provides for compounds that inhibit the four known mammalian JAK kinases (JAK1, JAK2, JAK3 and TYK2) and PDK1. The invention also provides for compositions comprising such inhibitory compounds and methods of inhibiting the activity of JAK1, JAK2, JAK3, TYK2 and PDK1 by administering the compound to a patient in need of treatment for myeloproliferative disorders or cancer." The patent application was filed on June 8, 2009 (12/999,342). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,344,144&OS=8,344,144&RS=8,344,144 Written by Neha Bharti; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** International Business Machines Assigned Patent for Split Voltage Level Restore and Evaluate Clock Signals for Memory Address Decoding ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- International Business Machines, Armonk, N.Y., has been assigned a patent (8,345,490) developed by four co-inventors for a "split voltage level restore and evaluate clock signals for memory address decoding." The co-inventors are Paul A. Bunce, Poughkeepsie, N.Y., John D. Davis, Maybrook, N.Y., Diana M. Henderson, Poughkeepsie, N.Y., and Jigar J. Vora, Westborough, Mass.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A method of implementing voltage level shifting for a memory device includes coupling one or more evaluation clock signals to a memory address decode circuit, the one or more evaluation clock signals operating at a first voltage supply level; and coupling a restore clock signal to the memory address decode circuit, the restore clock signal operating at a second voltage supply level that is higher than the first voltage supply level; wherein one or more outputs of the memory address decode circuit operate at the second voltage supply level." The patent application was filed on June 23, 2010 (12/821,824). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,345,490&OS=8,345,490&RS=8,345,490 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Alnylam Pharmaceuticals Assigned Patent for Modified iRNA Agents ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Cambridge, Mass., has been assigned a patent (8,344,125) developed by Muthiah Manoharan, Weston, Mass., and Kallanthottathil G. Rajeev, Cambridge, Mass., for modified iRNA agents.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "The invention relates to iRNA agents, which preferably include a monomer in which the ribose moiety has been replaced by a moiety other than ribose. The inclusion of such a monomer can allow for modulation of a property of the iRNA agent into which it is incorporated, e.g., by using the non-ribose moiety as a point to which a ligand or other entity, e.g., a carbohydrate; or a steroid, e.g., cholesterol, which is optionally substituted with at least one carbohydrate. is directly, or indirectly, tethered. The invention also relates to methods of making and using such modified iRNA agents." The patent application was filed on Nov. 16, 2009 (12/619,382). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,344,125&OS=8,344,125&RS=8,344,125 Written by Neha Bharti; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Verisign Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Verisign, Reston, Va., has been assigned a patent (8,345,060) developed by 10 co-inventors for a "method and system for improved internet color." The co-inventors are William J. Hilliard, San Francisco, Cornelis P. van Prooijen, Mill Valley, Calif., Peter G. Engeldrum, Winchester, Mass., Jean-Pierre Huber, Neydens, France, Thomas L. Strother, San Francisco, Peter A. Bernard, San Francisco, Joel A. Warwick, Mill Valley, Calif., Keith Ball, San Jose, Calif., James E. Deutch, San Jose, Calif., and Tamara C. Baker, San Jose, Calif.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "The present invention provides a technique for providing color corrected images to a user over a network. In particular, the present invention allows multiple image providers to provide color corrected images to a user when the user's computer and its associated devices are not calibrated and/or characterized, or the calibration and/or characterization data is not available over the network to the image providers. This abstract is provided for the sole purpose of complying with the rules requiring an abstract to allow a searcher or other reader to quickly ascertain the subject matter of the technical disclosure contained herein. This abstract is submitted with the express understanding that it will not be used to interpret or to limit the scope or the meaning of the claims." The patent application was filed on Nov. 22, 2010 (12/952,192). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,345,060&OS=8,345,060&RS=8,345,060 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Raytheon Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Raytheon, Waltham, Mass., has been assigned a patent (8,344,359) developed by John P. Bettencourt, Danvers, Mass., and Nicholas J. Kolias, Somerville, Mass., for a "transistor having thermo electron cooling." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A semiconductor structure having a transistor and a thermo electronic structure. The transistor has a control electrode for controlling a flow of carriers through a semiconductor layer between a pair of electrodes. The thermo electronic structure has a first portion disposed on at least one of the pair of electrodes and a second portion disposed over a region of the semiconductor layer proximate the control electrode between the control electrode and said at least one of the pair of electrode. The thermo electronic structure extends from the first portion to the second portion for removing heat generated heat from said region in the semiconductor layer." The patent application was filed on April 9, 2010 (12/757,590). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=83,44,359.PN.&OS=PN/83,44,359&RS=PN/83,44,359 Written by Amal Ahmed; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Alnylam Pharmaceuticals Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Cambridge, Mass., has been assigned a patent (8,344,126) developed by Kevin Fitzgerald, Brookline, Mass., and Gregory Hinkle, Plymouth, Mass., for "compositions and methods for inhibiting expression of XBP-1 gene." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "The invention relates to a double-stranded ribonucleic acid (dsRNA) targeting X-Box Protein 1 (XBP-1), and methods of using the dsRNA to inhibit expression of XBP-1." The patent application was filed on Dec. 16, 2010 (12/970,189). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,344,126&OS=8,344,126&RS=8,344,126 Written by Neha Bharti; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Baylor University Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Baylor University, Waco, Texas, has been assigned a patent (8,344,208) developed by Christopher M. Kearney, Woodway, Texas, and Zun Liu, Maiden, Mass., for a "highly efficient suppressor-dependent protein expression in plants with a viral vector." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A series of viral vectors derived from foxtail mosaic virus, sunn hemp mosaic virus and white clover mosaic virus sequences, and which are capable of expressing heterologous proteins in plants, including the tobacco, Nicotiana benthamiana, and cowpea, bean, and other legumes with the properties of unusually limited expression in the absence of gene silencing suppressors and high level expression in their presence. In a preferred embodiment, these viral vectors may be introduced via agroinoculation, and expression of the heterologous gene may be inducible with little or no leakiness in the absence of induction." The patent application was filed on Feb. 26, 2010 (12/714,057). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=83,44,208.PN.&OS=PN/83,44,208&RS=PN/83,44,208 Written by Amal Ahmed; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Varian Semiconductor Equipment Associates Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Varian Semiconductor Equipment Associates, Gloucester, Mass., has been assigned a patent (8,344,318) developed by Kamal Hadidi, Somerville, Mass., and Bernard G. Lindsay, Danvers, Mass., for a "technique for monitoring and controlling a plasma process with an ion mobility spectrometer." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A plasma processing apparatus includes a process chamber, a platen positioned in the process chamber for supporting a workpiece, a source configured to generate a plasma in the process chamber, and a monitoring system including an ion mobility spectrometer configured to monitor a condition of the plasma. A monitoring method including generating a plasma in a process chamber of a plasma processing apparatus, supporting a workpiece on a platen in the process chamber, and monitoring a condition of the plasma with an ion mobility spectrometer is also provided." The patent application was filed on Sept. 10, 2009 (12/556,592). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=83,44,318.PN.&OS=PN/83,44,318&RS=PN/83,44,318 Written by Amal Ahmed; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Axcelis Technologies Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Axcelis Technologies, Beverly, Mass., has been assigned a patent (8,344,337) developed by William Davis Lee, Newburyport, Mass., for silaborane implantation processes.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Methods for implanting an silaborane molecule or a selected ionized lower mass byproduct into a workpiece generally includes vaporizing and ionizing silaborane molecule in an ion source to create a plasma and produce silaborane molecules and its ionized lower mass byproducts. The ionized silaborane molecules and lower mass byproducts within the plasma are then extracted to form an ion beam. The ion beam is mass analyzed with a mass analyzer magnet to permit selected ionized silaborane molecules or selected ionized lower mass byproducts to pass therethrough and implant into a workpiece." The patent application was filed on April 21, 2010 (12/764,540). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=83,44,337.PN.&OS=PN/83,44,337&RS=PN/83,44,337 Written by Amal Ahmed; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Mevion Medical Systems Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Mevion Medical Systems, Littleton, Mass., has been assigned a patent (8,344,340) developed by four co-inventors for an inner gantry. The co-inventors are Kenneth Gall, Harvard, Mass., Stanley Rosenthal, Wayland, Mass., Gordon Row, Groton, Mass., and Michael Ahearn, Sandown, N.H.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A system includes a patient support and an outer gantry on which an accelerator is mounted to enable the accelerator to move through a range of positions around a patient on the patient support. The accelerator is configured to produce a proton or ion beam having an energy level sufficient to reach a target in the patient. An inner gantry includes an aperture for directing the proton or ion beam towards the target." The patent application was filed on Nov. 20, 2008 (12/275,103). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=83,44,340.PN.&OS=PN/83,44,340&RS=PN/83,44,340 Written by Amal Ahmed; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Analog Device Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Analog Device, Norwood, Mass., has been assigned a patent (8,344,487) developed by seven co-inventors for a "stress mitigation in packaged microchips." The co-inventors are Xin Zhang, Acton, Mass., Michael Judy, Ipswich, Mass., Kevin H.L. Chau, Danville, Calif., Nelson Kuan, Brookline, Mass., Timothy Spooner, Dunstable, Mass., Chetan Paydenkar, Cambridge, Mass., and Peter Farrell, Lunenburg, Mass.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A packaged microchip has a lead frame with a die directly contacting at least a single, contiguous portion of the lead frame. The portion of the lead frame has a top surface forming a concavity and contacting the die. The packaged microchip also has mold material substantially encapsulating part of the top surface of the portion of the lead frame." The patent application was filed on June 28, 2007 (11/770,369). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,344,487&OS=8,344,487&RS=8,344,487 Written by Arpi Sharma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Massachusetts Institute of Technology Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., has been assigned a patent (8,344,724) developed by four co-inventors for a "non-intrusive monitoring of power and other parameters." The co-inventors are Steven B. Leeb, Belmont, Mass., Zachary A. Clifford, Norwich, Conn., John J. Cooley, Cambridge, Mass., and Al-Thaddeus Avestruz, Waltham, Mass.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Methods and apparatus for non-intrusive power monitoring and current measurement in a circuit breaker without modification of the breaker panel or the circuit breaker itself. In one example, an inductive pickup sensor senses current from the breaker face, an inductive link transmits power through a steel breaker panel door, and a passive balanced JFET modulator circuit modulates a carrier signal on the inductive link with information regarding the sensed current. A demodulated breaker current signal is available outside of the breaker panel door. The JFET modulator circuit does not require DC power to modulate the carrier signal with the information regarding the sensed current from the breaker. Such methods and apparatus may be interfaced with a spectral envelope load detection system that can monitor multiple loads from a central location." The patent application was filed on Nov. 6, 2009 (12/614,245). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,344,724&OS=8,344,724&RS=8,344,724 Written by Arpi Sharma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Prysm Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Prysm, San Jose, Calif., has been assigned a patent (8,344,610) developed by Sergey A. Bukesov, Acton, Mass., and Roger A. Hajjar, San Jose, Calif., for "scanning beam displays based on light-emitting screens having phosphors." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "This specification describes phosphor compositions used in fluorescent layers for scanning beam displays. In general, one aspect of the subject matter described in this specification can be embodied in a display device having a fluorescent layer that absorbs an excitation light at a single wavelength and emits visible light. The fluorescent layer includes a plurality of parallel fluorescent stripes. At least three adjacent fluorescent stripes are made of three different fluorescent materials, which include a first fluorescent material that absorbs the excitation light and emits light of a first color, a second fluorescent material that absorbs the excitation light and emits light of a second color, and a third fluorescent material that absorbs the excitation light and emits light of a third color." The patent application was filed on Aug. 8, 2011 (13/205,582). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,344,610&OS=8,344,610&RS=8,344,610 Written by Arpi Sharma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Point Somee Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Point Somee, Dover, Del., has been assigned a patent (8,344,638) developed by Anatoly Shteynberg, San Jose, Calif., Harry Rodriguez, Gilroy, Calif., and Bradley M. Lehman, Belmont, Mass., for an "apparatus, system and method for cascaded power conversion." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Representative embodiments of the invention provide a system, apparatus, and method of controlling an intensity and spectrum of light emitted from a solid state lighting system. The solid state lighting has a first emitted spectrum at a full intensity level and at a selected temperature, with a first electrical biasing for the solid state lighting producing a first wavelength shift, and a second electrical biasing for the solid state lighting producing a second, opposing wavelength shift. Representative embodiments provide for receiving information designating a selected intensity level or a selected temperature, and providing a combined first electrical biasing and second electrical biasing to the solid state lighting to generate emitted light having the selected intensity level and having a second emitted spectrum within a predetermined variance of the first emitted spectrum over a predetermined range of temperatures." The patent application was filed on July 29, 2008 (12/181,686). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,344,638&OS=8,344,638&RS=8,344,638 Written by Arpi Sharma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** International Rectifier Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- International Rectifier, El Segundo, Calif., has been assigned a patent (8,344,712) developed by Gary D. Martin, Boxford, Mass., and Robert T. Carroll, Andover, Mass., for a "modification of activation order in a multi-phase power delivery system." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A power supply system includes multiple power converter phases. A controller (e.g., a processor device) monitors energy delivery for each of multiple power converter phases that supply energy to a load. The controller analyzes the energy delivery associated with each of the multiple power converter phases to identify an imbalance of energy delivered by the multiple power converter phases to the load. Based on the analyzing and detection of an imbalance condition, the controller modifies a future order of activating the multiple power converter phases for powering the load. Accordingly, a single phase of a multiphase switching power converter may be prevented from becoming overloaded while delivering energy to power the load." The patent application was filed on March 22, 2011 (13/069,163). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,344,712&OS=8,344,712&RS=8,344,712 Written by Arpi Sharma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** International Technology Center Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- International Technology Center, Raleigh, N.C., has been assigned a patent (8,344,627) developed by four co-inventors for a "pulsed dielectric barrier discharge." The co-inventors are William McClure Hooke, Chapel Hill, N.C., Allen Richard Martin, Hingham, Mass., Gary Elder McGuire, Chapel Hill, N.C., and Mark Alan Ray, Raleigh, N.C.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A method of generating a glow discharge plasma involves providing a pair of electrodes spaced apart by an electrode gap, and having a dielectric disposed in the electrode gap between the electrodes; placing the electrodes within an environment, wherein the electrode gap can be provided with a gas or gas mixture containing carbon at a specified pressure; and applying a rapid rise time voltage pulse across the electrodes to cause an extreme overvoltage condition, wherein the rapid rise time is less than a plasma generation time so that the extreme overvoltage condition occurs prior to current flow across the electrode gap. This abstract is not to be considered limiting, since other embodiments may deviate from the features described in this abstract." The patent application was filed on Dec. 19, 2011 (13/329,565). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,344,627&OS=8,344,627&RS=8,344,627 Written by Arpi Sharma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Siemens Industry Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Siemens Industry, Alpharetta, Ga., has been assigned a patent (8,343,316) developed by six co-inventors for a vacuum dehydrator. The co-inventors are Mortimer Daniel Williams, Sturbridge, Mass., John G. Donnelly, Webster, Mass., Eric M. Laliberte, Spencer, Mass., J. Rafael Lazo, Worcester, Mass., Juan Alejandro Segrelles Sacristan, Saragossa, Spain, and Anselmo Garcia Gracia, Saragossa, Spain.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A vacuum dehydrator for processing an oil containing entrained contaminants such as water, air, and particulates comprises a tower enclosing upper and lower chambers. A random packing is contained in the upper chamber. The oil is preheated to a temperature above the boiling point of water and is introduced into the upper chamber for downward flow through the random packing into the lower chamber. Entrained air and water is retained as water vapor in the upper chamber, and particulates are retained in the random packing. Heated ambient air is introduced into the lower chamber for upward flow through the random packing into the upper chamber, and the upper chamber is cooled to condense the water vapor. Oil and condensed water are pumped respectively from the lower and upper chambers." The patent application was filed on Nov. 10, 2009 (12/615,889). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,343,316&OS=8,343,316&RS=8,343,316 Written by Arpi Sharma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** BINJ Labatories Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- BINJ Labatories, Quincy, Mass., has been assigned a patent (8,346,281) developed by Joseph S. Noonan, Scituate, Mass., and Maosen Fang, Newton, Mass., for a "system and method for detecting and controlling transmission devices." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A method of detecting, controlling and managing transmission of a transmitting device within a facility is disclosed. The method involves transmitting information to the transmission device, detecting a response transmission from the transmission device by a least one transmission detection facility, extracting identification information associated with the transmission device in response to the transmitted information; and determining a location of the transmission device based on the response transmission received by the at least one received transmission detection facility, wherein the response transmissions are sorted by the identification information, determining an allowability of the located transmission device with the set area and interacting and manipulating transmission of the detected transmitting device." The patent application was filed on Aug. 15, 2010 (12/856,672). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8,346,281.PN.&OS=PN/8,346,281&RS=PN/8,346,281 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Airvana Network Solutions Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Airvana Network Solutions, Chelmsford, Mass., has been assigned a patent (8,346,220) developed by Amit Mate, Chelmsford, Mass., Satish Ananthaiyer, Tewksbury, Mass., and Gopal Harikumar, Westford, Mass., for a signaling for push-to-talk.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "In addition to other aspects disclosed, a data over signaling message that identifies a recipient access terminal is transmitted from a radio network controller to the sector in response to an attempt by an access terminal on a sector of a wireless network to access a service of the wireless network." The patent application was filed on March 31, 2006 (11/394,646). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8,346,220.PN.&OS=PN/8,346,220&RS=PN/8,346,220 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Palomar Medical Technologies Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Palomar Medical Technologies, Burlington, Mass., has been assigned a patent (8,346,347) developed by Gregory Altshuler, Lincoln, Mass., Guangming Wang, Bedford, Mass., and Henry Zenzie, Dover, Mass., for a "skin optical characterization device." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "The present invention is generally directed to dermatological devices and methods in which one or more skin characteristics, such as the melanin index, are determined by analyzing radiation backscattered from a skin region illuminated by at least one, and preferably, two or more wavelengths, e.g., in a range of about 600 nm to about 900 nm. In many embodiments, the radiation is coupled to the skin via a waveguide, and an optical sensor is employed to ascertain contact between the waveguide (e.g., a waveguide surface adapted for contact with the skin) and the skin." The patent application was filed on Sept. 15, 2006 (11/522,124). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8,346,347.PN.&OS=PN/8,346,347&RS=PN/8,346,347 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Massachusetts Institute of Technology Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., has been assigned a patent (8,346,349) developed by four co-inventors for a "method and apparatus for predicting patient outcomes from a physiological segmentable patient signal." The co-inventors are John V. Guttag, Lexington, Mass., Zeeshan H. Syed, Wayzata, Minn., Philip Pohong Sung, Saratoga, Calif., and Collin M. Stultz, Newton, Mass.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A method and apparatus for predicting patient outcome from a physiological segmentable signal of a patient. In one embodiment, the method comprises the steps of obtaining the physiological segmentable signal of the patient; segmenting the physiological segmentable signal into a plurality of separate segmentable components; calculating a time series of the morphological distance between adjacent separate segmentable components of the plurality of separate segmentable components; and predicting patient outcome in response to the time series of the morphological distance. In another aspect, the invention relates to a method for extracting information from physiological signals for one or more subjects including the steps of partitioning the physiological signal into a plurality of components, grouping the components into a plurality of information classes, assigning a unique symbol to each information class, mapping each component to the assigned symbol, and examining one or more such sequences for clinical significance." The patent application was filed on Jan. 15, 2009 (12/321,239). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8,346,349.PN.&OS=PN/8,346,349&RS=PN/8,346,349 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Lahey Clinic Foundation Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Lahey Clinic Foundation, Burlington, Mass., has been assigned a patent (8,346,366) developed by Jeffrey Edward Arle, Concord, Mass., and Jay Lawrence Shils, Reading, Mass., for a "spinal cord implant systems and methods." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A system for transferring spinal cord signals comprises a superior electrode and an inferior electrode. The superior electrode interfaces with a first portion of a spinal cord of a human body; and the inferior electrode interfaces with a second portion of the spinal cord. The superior electrode has at least one superior contact for receiving signals from the first portion of the spinal cord to transmit to the inferior electrode; and the inferior electrode has at least one inferior contact for transmitting signals received from the superior electrode to the second portion of the spinal cord." The patent application was filed on March 24, 2011 (13/071,327). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8,346,366.PN.&OS=PN/8,346,366&RS=PN/8,346,366 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Flurry Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Flurry, San Francisco, has been assigned a patent (8,346,223) developed by Sean N. Byrnes, San Francisco, Gabriel Vanrenen, San Francisco, and Dan Scholnick, Cambridge, Mass., for "delivering a customized service to a mobile device using a link." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A method of delivering a user specific customized service to a mobile user device is disclosed. User specific customized service information is received over a first channel. An identifier for the user specific customized service is generated. A link is sent that includes the identifier of the user specific customized service over a second channel. The user specific customized service identifier is received. The user specific customized service over a third channel is sent." The patent application was filed on Nov 7, 2006 (11/594,573). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8,346,223.PN.&OS=PN/8,346,223&RS=PN/8,346,223 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** EPL Holdings Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- EPL Holdings, Palo Alto, Calif., has been assigned a patent (8,345,050) developed by Richard S. Goldhor, Belmont, Mass., and Edward J. Bianchi, Bothell, Wash., for a "management of presentation time in a digital media presentation system with variable rate presentation capability." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Techniques are provided for managing Presentation Time in a digital rendering system for presentation of temporally-ordered data when the digital rendering system includes a Variable Rate Presentation capability. In one embodiment, Presentation Time is converted to Data Time, and Data Time is reported instead of Presentation Time when only one time can be reported. In another embodiment, a predetermined one of Presentation Time and Data Time is returned in response to a request for a Current Time." The patent application was filed on April 24, 2012 (13/455,015). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8,345,050.PN.&OS=PN/8,345,050&RS=PN/8,345,050 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Harvard College, University of Toronto Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 4 -- Harvard College, Cambridge, Mass., and the University of Toronto, Toronto, have been assigned a patent (8,337,778) developed by ten co-inventors for "method and apparatus for fluid dispersion." The co-inventors are Howard A. Stone, Princeton, N.J., Shelley L. Anna, Pittsburgh, Nathalie Bontoux, Cagnes sur Mer, France, Darren Roy Link, Lexington, Mass., David A. Weitz, Bolton, Mass., Irina Gitlin, Brookline, Mass., Eugenia Kumacheva, Toronto, Piotr Garstecki, Brwinow, Poland, Willow R. Diluzio, Westford, Mass., and George M. Whitesides, Newton, Mass.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A microfluidic method and device for focusing and/or forming discontinuous sections of similar or dissimilar size in a fluid is provided. The device can be fabricated simply from readily-available, inexpensive material using simple techniques." The patent application was filed on March 17, 2010 (12/726,223). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,337,778&OS=8,337,778&RS=8,337,778 Written by Arpi Sharma; edited by Anand Kumar.

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